How Much Gasoline From 1 Barrel Of Oil? (Other Products)

Even in the 19th century, many chemists appreciated the practical potential of oil. Here recall the statement “burning oil is tantamount to burning banknotes”.

However, since then and to the present, the vast majority of refined products are used exclusively as fuel. If we count by weight, then more than 72% of all oil produced in the world was used as fuel for internal combustion engines and raw materials for boiler houses in 2018. And this is despite the fact that daily world production fluctuates at the level of 100 million barrels of oil.

Even based on these data, one can assess how relevant the plans of many countries to “get off the oil needle” are. However, this is not possible in the foreseeable future.

How Much Gasoline From 1 Barrel Of Oil

However, such conclusions require more detailed substantiation. Therefore, it is reasonable to analyze in detail the process of producing gasoline from oil in order to answer the question of how much it costs to process 1 barrel of oil, how much diesel fuel is obtained from one ton of oil, and also how much gasoline is obtained from 1 barrel of oil and how much fuel for internal combustion engines can be obtained from a ton of oil (or from one barrel)?

How much oil is in a barrel?

A barrel ( from the English “barrel” – a barrel ) is a measure of volume, not weight. When this unit of measurement arose, a variety of goods (from wine to oil) were transported in barrels, and the containers themselves varied greatly. Therefore, historically, there are several varieties of barrels:

  • English barrel – 163.65 liters;
  • “wine” barrel (“North American”) – 31.5 gallons – 119.24 liters;
  • “oil” barrel – 42 gallons – 158.99 liters.

To measure the volume of production and consumption of crude oil in the market, it is precisely the “oil” barrel, equal to 159 liters, that is used.

INTERESTING! The technology for the production of gasoline from oil is such that if this same barrel of crude oil is processed and the output of all products is measured, then the total volume obtained will be 9 liters more than the original “barrel” (159 liters). Therefore, when talking about the volume of production or consumption of “black gold”, then “crude” is usually added to the word “oil”.

What kind of oil is used to make gasoline?

What kind of oil is used to make gasoline?

A lot depends on the chemical structure of oil: how many impurities it contains, and what density. The last indicator for oil from different sources is in the range of 730 to 1040 kg / m3 (that is, per 1000 liters). More accurate data on varieties:

  • Super Light up to 780 kg / m3;
  • Extra Light from 780 to 820 kg / m3;
  • Light – from 820 to 870 kg / m3;
  • Medium– from 870 to 920 kg / m3;
  • Heavy from 920 to 1000 kg / m3;
  • Extra Heavy more than 1000 (up to 1040) kg / m3.

It is customary to distinguish oil by brand, for example:

  • Brent blends light or low sulfur with a sulfur content of 0.37%, with a density of 825-828 kg / m3.

There are 3 main oil brands on the world markets: West Texas Intermediate (WTI), Dubai Crude, and the well-known Brent Blend.

How much gasoline from 1 barrel of oil?

Why is the price of oil falling while the price of gasoline is rising? The fact is that the production of gasoline from oil involves the influence of many other factors (depending on the technology) that are not directly related to oil.

INTERESTING! When using the classical technology of cracking, the share of the cost of oil in the price of a conventional ton of gasoline with an octane rating of 92-95 is only 42-44%.

Factors of production include:

  • the cost of electricity;
  • depreciation of expensive equipment;
  • excise and VAT.

In crisis situations, government agencies tend to make extraordinary decisions. For example, they reduce the tax on the extraction of minerals, in connection with which, theoretically, the cost of a ton of crude oil used to produce gasoline should decrease.

But other taxes are growing, which ultimately leads to an increase in the cost of motor fuel. Therefore, one should not be surprised at such a paradox as the rise in the cost of gasoline and diesel fuel while reducing world oil prices.

The above statements need proof. It seems reasonable to estimate how much gasoline is produced from a barrel of oil to see if the 42-44% share of oil in the total cost of a liter of gasoline really corresponds to the real picture.

Straight distillation

This technology involves bringing crude oil to the most intense evaporation, as a result of which various fractions begin to condense at different levels.

This is one of the very first methods of oil distillation. As a result of the process, 18-25% of the total mass of oil used for production can be obtained from gasoline. But gasoline at the same time will have an octane rating of 92-95.

In oil is most often found, in terms of density it corresponding to “medium” with an indicator of 880-900 kg / m3. This means that a barrel of such “black gold” will be by weight:

(159 x 870) / 1000 = 138.3 kg.

The maximum output of gasoline 92-95 will be:

138.3 x 25% = 34.6 kg .

With an average density of gasoline 92-95 equal to 755 kg / m3 (that is, per 1000 liters), we have a gasoline yield from 1 barrel of Urals using direct distillation technology:

34.6 / 0.755 = 45.8 liters (this is how much 92 gasoline is obtained from a barrel of oil).

By Thermal and catalytic cracking

Here, the yield of gasoline and light oil products reaches 60% of the mass of oil supplied for processing. Such a significant increase in the yield of useful products is due to the improvement of the technology of distillation of crude oil (catalysts are used in large quantities, which makes it possible to extract more gasoline with an octane number of 92-95).

For catalytic cracking, the Brent oil grade is suitable, which in terms of density corresponds to an indicator of 830 kg / m3.

Thus, the weight of a barrel of such oil is:

(159 x 825) / 1000 = 131 kg.

The output of gasoline 92-95 will be:

132 x 60% = 78.6 kg .

Thus, from 1 barrel of Brent using catalytic cracking technology, we have:

78.6 / 0.755 = 104 liters .

Compared to the previous technology, thermal and catalytic cracking has more than a twofold superiority in gasoline yield.

Solid impurities are removed from crude oil, as well as light hydrocarbons. In addition, the oil is driven through electrical desalination units. As a result, the total weight of the mixture decreases, and the gasoline yield will be calculated from the amount of oil included in the catalytic cracking process cycle.

Reforming

This is an even more advanced oil refining technology. Here, the yield of light oil products is already more than 70%. True, at the entrance to the technological cycle, the oil mixture needs to be cleaned even more in order to achieve a density at the level of “Super Light” – “Extra Light” with an indicator of 800 kg / m3.

The weight of a barrel of such oil will be:

(159 x 800) / 1000 = 127.2 kg .

The output of gasoline 92-95 will be:

127.2 x 70% = 89 kg .

Thus, from 1 barrel of Brent using catalytic cracking technology, we have:

89 / 0.755 = 118 liters .

For clarity, you can demonstrate how much gasoline is obtained from 1 liter of oil using this technology: (118 / 159) = 0.742 liters. (or 742 ml).

Reforming is an even deeper technology for separating light oil products from crude oil. However, it is based on the same rectification (or cracking), invented and patented in 1891 by Russian scientists Shukhov and Gavrilov.

To extract gasoline from a mixture of hydrocarbons, which is oil, a wide variety of physical and chemical influences are used in reforming, as a result of which separation occurs.

It should be noted that the full potential of reforming technology has not yet been fully exploited.

what does 1 barrel of oil produce?

It is interesting to bring together (in one table) all the products that can be obtained from 1 barrel (159 liters) of crude oil. For definiteness, it is proposed to take Brent oil.

No.Name of oil productVolume in liters
1.Automobile gasoline with an octane rating of 92-95from 74 to 120 (depending on the quality of the input raw material)
2.Diesel fuel30 to 40
3.Aviation kerosenefrom 15 to 25
4.Refinery gas, which is a raw material for the production of polypropylene7 to 11
5.Petroleum coke (used for the manufacture of electrodes and corrosion-resistant equipment)to 10
6.fuel oilup to 7
7.Tar (for asphalt production)up to 5.3
8.Raw materials for plastic productionup to 4
9.fuelup to 2.5
Total:no more than 168 liters

How far can you drive on 1 barrel of oil?

Man uses a variety of vehicles equipped with internal combustion engines and turbines. All of them have different carrying capacity, maximum speed, as well as engine efficiency. However, it is possible to roughly estimate how far it is possible to drive different types of vehicles using the potential of 1 barrel of Brent oil processed using reforming technology:

Cars

Modern cars are becoming more and more economical. If we take the average fuel consumption at the level of 7 l / 100 km, then (provided that 118 liters of gasoline 92-95 are extracted from a barrel of oil), it turns out that with such a volume of fuel a car will drive:(118 / 7) x 100 = 1685 km

Tractor

Here fuel consumption is measured in liters per hour. If we take the average consumption at the level of 12 liters, then the tractor will work: (118 / 12) = almost 10 hours.

If we assume that it will move at an average speed of 25 km (over rough terrain), then the distance covered on this amount of fuel will be:10 x 25 = 250 km

Airplane

The Soviet turboprop strategic bomber Tu-95MS on a full refueling of 87 tons of aviation kerosene will be able to fly 11,000 km at an average speed of 900 km/h. This means that per second it will consume:(87000 / 0.767) / (11000 / 900 x 3600) = 113430 / 44000 = 2.58 liters. kerosene.

Thus, on 25 liters of kerosene, which are obtained by processing 1 barrel of oil, the plane will fly 10 seconds. Or about 1 km.

Summary

How much gasoline will be produced from 1 barrel of oil? With the current level of development of processing technology, one barrel of crude oil can produce up to 118-120 liters of gasoline with an octane rating of 92-95.

How much diesel fuel is obtained from one ton of oil? There are approximately 7.23 barrels of oil in a ton of Brent crude. Thus, diesel fuel from such a volume of oil can be obtained from 217 to 289 liters .

Leave a Comment